ESTADO PLURINACIONAL DE BOLIVIA
BOLIVIA, named after independence fighter Simón Bolívar, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982.
IN 2005 Evo Morales was elected president.
IN 2012 the Government passed the world’s first law that gives rights to the environment.
AREA: 1,098,581 km2 (France: 551,500 km2)
CLIMATE: humid and tropical to cold and semi-arid
TERRAIN: rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau at 3,800 m/12,500 ft (Altiplano), high valleys at 2,400 m/8,000 ft, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin
Capital: Sucre; Government: Nuestra Señora de La Paz.
QUECHUA 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
POPULATION: 11,000,000 (July 2012 est.)
RURAL population: 31%
LIFE expectancy: 69 years (CAN: 81.5)
MATERNAL mortality: 206 deaths/100,000 births
Male: 41 deaths/1,000 births (CAN: 5.2)
Female: 34 deaths/1,000 births (CAN: 4.5)
BOLIVIA is a resource rich country with strong growth attributed to natural gas exports to Brazil and Argentina. Gas accounts for roughly 50% of Bolivia's total exports.
EXPORTS: natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin
GDP: $36.7 billion (CAN:$1.972 trillion)
GDP/capita: $3,251 (CAN: $55,559)
POPULATION below the poverty line living on less than $2/day: 45%
CHILD labour, ages 5–17: 757,000, 26%
EXCHANGE rate: Bolivianos BOB 7 = USD 1
CIA World Factbook; IMF; Statistics Canada
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